First Peasant Congress in Arms: dreams spilled from Guerrillas

Agrarian reform! A true, radical reform that would definitively eradicate latifundismo in Cuba, that would make the landowners disappear, that would return the land to its true owners, the peasants, and put an end to exploitation, abandonment, illiteracy, misery and oppression. suffered by our men in the field. That was the supreme objective of the Peasant Congress in Arms, held in Soledad de Mayarí, on September 21, 1958.

In this event, small farmers, sharecroppers, squatters, semi-proletarians, people harassed by evictions, persecutions and murders, defenseless before a system that imposed the law of force to deprive them of their rights were represented.

That Congress was not an event for the expression of isolated criteria. Since July of that same year, the Regional Peasant Committee had been created that covered the territory where the Frank País García II Eastern Front operated, a rebel command under the command of then Commander Raúl Castro Ruz.

The 35 existing paddock committees and 2,695 peasants organized when that Regional Committee was created, had become 63 agrarian committees, with some 5,000 peasants grouped together. And from that mass, from their feelings, sufferings and aspirations, the aspects that should be part of the discussions and decisions of that event emerged.

The objectives went far beyond denunciation and demands. The first thing, the essential thing to achieve the demands made, was to defeat the Batista tyranny, undermine the foundations of the capitalist system that prevailed in Cuba, with the support of the United States government.

For this reason, a main determination was adopted by the delegates to the Congress and fulfilled by the peasants: unconditionally support the Rebel Army, with concrete measures, such as contributing 10% of the value of the crops and the sale of animals and wood. , for the revolutionary cause.

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A contribution of special significance, decisive for the guerrilla struggle and its victory, had already been put into practice: the incorporation into the Rebel Army and its logistical support in the territories where the fighting was taking place.

That gesture of our peasants was not in vain. The revolutionary work, to everyone’s satisfaction, has far exceeded the aspirations that brought together such a seasoned group of combatants that day.

Neither latifundistas nor landowners; neither evictions nor abuses nor crimes; neither illiterate nor lack of medical assistance. The peasants ceased to be, forever, outcasts in their own land.

That is the fruit of that day of combat, in which dreams were translated into struggle and, dressed as guerrillas, they did not beg, but rather won the right to become the beautiful reality of today.

The Article Is In Spanish🡽

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