How many nukes Russia has and how they compare to the US and other countries

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a “partial mobilization” of troops to Ukraine and threatened to use “all means” at his disposal to defend Russian territory. Analysts suggest that, rather than indicate a desire to use this type of weapon – which includes nuclear weapons – Putin’s actions can be interpreted as a warning to other countries not to intensify their involvement in Ukraine.

However, Putin’s rhetorical and military escalation raised concerns around the world. The nuclear weapons They have been around for almost 80 years and many countries see them as a deterrent to ensure their national security.

All nuclear weapons figures are estimates, but, according to the Federation of American Scientists, Russia has 5,977 nuclear warheads, the devices that trigger a nuclear explosion, although this includes around 1,500 that are retired and ready to be dismantled.

Of the approximately 4,500 remaining, most are considered strategic nuclear weapons, usually associated with nuclear war, that can be directed over long distances.

The rest are smaller, less destructive nuclear weapons for short-range use on battlefields or at sea. But this does not mean that Russia has thousands of long-range nuclear weapons ready to use.

Only 1,588 Russian warheads are currently “deployed,” experts say, that is, located on missile and bomber bases or on submarines at sea.

Nine countries have nuclear weapons: China, France, India, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom.


China, France, Russia, the US and the UK are also among the 191 states that have signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

Under the deal, they have to reduce their stockpile of nuclear warheads and, in theory, commit to eliminating them altogether.

Since the 1970s and 1980s the number of warheads stored in those countries was reduced.

India, Israel, and Pakistan never joined the NPT, and North Korea left it in 2003.

Israel is the only country of the nine that has never formally acknowledged its nuclear program, but it is widely accepted that it has nuclear warheads.

Ukraine does not have nuclear weapons and, despite President Putin’s accusations, there is no evidence that he has attempted to acquire them.

Nuclear weapons are designed to cause maximum devastation.

The extent of the destruction depends on a variety of factors, including:


But even the smallest warhead could cause huge loss of life and long-lasting consequences. The bomb that killed 146,000 people in Hiroshima, Japan, during World War II, was 15 kilotons.

Y today’s nuclear warheads can be over 1,000 kilotons. Little is expected to survive in the immediate impact zone of a nuclear explosion. After a blinding flash, there is a huge ball of fire and a shock wave that can destroy buildings and structures for miles around.

The argument for maintaining a large number of nuclear weapons is have the ability to completely destroy your enemy to prevent him from attacking you.

The most famous term for this became “mutually assured destruction” (Mad).

Although there have been many nuclear tests and a steady increase in their technical complexity and destructive power, nuclear weapons have not been used in armed conflict since 1945.

Russian policy also recognizes nuclear weapons solely as a deterrent and lists four cases for their use:

The threat of nuclear weapons haunted this conflict from its earliest days, and that was a deliberate choice on the part of Vladimir Putin. The Russian president has suggested using it when he has been on the defensive, such as after the failure of his initial plan in February to quickly overthrow the Kyiv government, and now again, when a Ukrainian offensive has pushed back the forces of the. Wait that mention of the devastating power of these weapons intimidate and dissuade your opponents and force them to think twice how far they are willing to go. There is also an internal reason: the Russian population is worried about the partial mobilization and Putin’s own claims that NATO threatens his country.

Thus, mentioning nuclear weapons is a way of reassuring domestic opinion by suggesting that, despite adversity, Moscow is still capable of defending itself. Russian military doctrine says that atomic weapons they will only be used if the Russian state is threatened.

It was notable that Putin framed its use in a defensive sense in response to what he claimed were Western nuclear threats. His reference to not being a “bluff” alludes to a situation in which Russia’s territorial integrity would be threatened.

In this sense, it is important to ask how far Russia seeks to extend its territory after the next referendums on Ukrainian territory. All this suggests that the use of nuclear weapons is far from imminent or even likely. Though the possibility cannot be ruled out Short of Putin using them, especially if he feels the security of the state is threatened, the West’s response for now is likely to be to watch Russia’s actions closely, rather than the rhetoric, and remain focused on its strategy.

By Gordon Corera

BBC News World

The Article Is In Spanish🡽

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