Lymphoma is a cancer that originates in the lymphatic tissue. It is a malignant proliferation of lymphocytes, cells that defend the body in the immune system. This proliferation takes place in the lymph nodes or lymph nodes.
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“Around two thirds of cases are lymph node, but up to a third can affect extra nodal sites, such as the stomach, skin, bones, liver and nervous system, among others,” explains medical oncologist Raimundo Gazitúa.
How to spot it
The expert highlights that the main symptoms of lymphoma are weight loss, fever, deep night sweats, and swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin.
Similarly, Dr. Gazitúa warns that care should be taken to confuse lymphoma with infections by viruses, bacteria, or other germs, because nodes appear in the neck, armpits, groin and other places. “A tumor-like node is usually larger, painless, hard, and often doesn’t move when touched,” he explains.
Can it be prevented?
Unfortunately, no screening test has been shown to reduce the risk of dying from this cancer; that is, it cannot be reliably prevented. Therefore, the best way to deal with it is early detection. Regular, thorough medical checkups are important for people with known risk factors for lymphoma, such as those with HIV, organ transplant, autoimmune disease, or prior cancer treatment.
The oncologist maintains that the treatment of lymphoma can be varied: cytotoxic drugs or chemotherapies that directly attack the DNA; specific antibodies; radiotherapy in certain cases, and the possibility of performing a bone marrow transplant if the above does not cure the disease.
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